动名词和不定式入门习题(二)

阅读: 作者:admin   发表于 2021-04-21 15:32

  

动词后面是跟动名词还是不定式没有什么规律,牢牢记住就是了。通过大量的练习可以巩固这些搭配,达到一种很强的语感,也即遇到哪个动词就知道后面是跟动名词还是不定式。

一、请选择正确的动词形式(动名词或不定式)来完成句子

1. Eliza recommended (eating, to eat) in a dim sum restaurant while we're in Hong Kong.2. I demand (talking, to talk) to the manager of the hotel immediately.3. My grandmother recalled (to see, seeing) a plane for the very first time when she was six.4. She claims (to be, being) related to George Washington, but I don't believe her.5. This broken bicycle needs (fixing, to fix) before someone can ride it.6. I can't understand (driving, to drive) such a big car when gas prices are so high, not to mention what it does to the environment.7. She refused (to speak, speak) to me after our fight.8. The wilderness adventure course lasts ten days and involves (to hike, hiking) more than fifty miles through rugged mountainous terrain.9. Don't hesitate (to ask, asking) for help if you don't understand the directions.10. She managed (to communicate, communicating) with them, even though she didn't speak their language.

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二、答案、参考翻译及解析1. eating当我们在香港时,伊丽莎建议在点心餐馆吃。解析:recommend 后面跟动名词,在这里译为“推荐”。2. to talk我强烈要求马上和旅馆经理谈谈。解析:demand 后面跟动词不定式,在这里译为“强烈要求”。3. seeing我祖母记得她六岁时第一次看到飞机。解析:recall 后面跟动名词,在这里译为“记起,回忆起”。4. to be她声称和乔治华盛顿有亲戚关系,但我不相信她。解析:claim 后面跟动词不定式,在这里译为“声称,宣称”。5. fixing这辆坏了的自行车需要修理一下才能骑。解析:sth needs doing = sth needs to be done,其中 sth 与 do 之间是被动关系。6. driving我不能理解在油价这么高的情况下开这么大的车,更不用说它对环境的影响了。解析:understand 后常跟动名词的复合结构。7. to speak我们吵架后她拒绝和我说话。解析:refuse 后面跟动词不定式,在这里译为“拒绝”。8. hiking荒野探险课程持续10天,包括徒步穿越崎岖的山地超过50英里。解析:involve 后面跟动名词,在这里译为“包含,包括,需要”。9. to talk如果你不明白方向,尽管寻求帮助。解析:hesitate 后面跟动词不定式,在这里译为“顾虑,疑虑”。10. to communicate她设法和他们交流,尽管她不会说他们的语言。解析:manage 后面跟动词不定式,在这里译为“设法”。


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