动名词和不定式入门习题(一)

阅读: 作者:admin   发表于 2021-04-21 16:06

   动词后面是跟动名词还是不定式没有什么规律,牢牢记住就是了。通过大量的练习可以巩固这些搭配,达到一种很强的语感,也即遇到哪个动词就知道后面是跟动名词还是不定式。一、请选择正确的动词形式(动名词或不定式)来完成句子1. Dan enjoys (reading, to read) science fiction.2. Cheryl suggested (seeing, to see) a movie after work.3. I miss (working, to work) in the travel industry. Maybe I can get my old job back.4. Where did you learn (to speak, speaking) Spanish? Was it in Spain or in Latin America?5. Do you mind (to help, helping) me translate this letter?6. He asked (talking, to talk) to the store manager.7. You've never mentioned (living, to live) in Japan before. How long did you live there?8. If he keeps (coming, to come) to work late, he's going to get fired!9. Debbie plans (studying, to study) abroad next year.10. I agreed (helping, to help) Jack wash his car.

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二、答案、参考翻译及解析1. reading丹喜欢看科幻小说。解析:enjoy 在这里译为“享受…的乐趣;欣赏;喜爱”,后面跟动名词。2. seeing谢丽尔建议下班后去看电影。解析:suggest 在这里译为“建议,提议”,后面跟动名词。3. working我想念在旅游业工作。也许我能找回我原来的工作。解析:miss 在这里译为“想念”,后面跟动名词。4. to speak你在哪里学会说西班牙语的?是在西班牙还是在拉丁美洲?解析:learn 后面跟动词不定式,在这里译为“学会,学到”。5. helping你介意帮我翻译这封信吗?解析:mind 后面跟动名词,在这里译为“介意”。6. to talk他要求和商店经理谈谈。解析:ask 后面跟动词不定式,在这里译为“请求允许,要求准许”。7. living你以前从没提过住在日本。你在那里住了多久?解析:mention 后面跟动名词,在这里译为“提到,说到”。8. coming如果他老是迟到,他会被解雇的!解析:keep 后面跟动名词,在这里译为“继续,重复(做某事)”。9. to study黛比计划明年出国留学。解析:plan 后面跟动词不定式,在这里译为“计划”。10. to agree我同意帮杰克洗车。解析:agree 后面跟动词不定式,在这里译为“答应,允许,同意”。


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