中小学英语必考知识点:英语量词的用法归纳总结| 智学君中小学英语

阅读: 作者:admin   发表于 2021-04-21 15:50

  

英语中量词搭配名词使用,用来修饰名词,是中小学英语经常考的知识点;今天智学君中小学英语为大家归纳总结,帮助各位中小学生朋友一文掌握。

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中小学英语必须掌握的必考知识点:什么是量词?

英语量词:量词是用来表示人、事物或动作的数量单位的词组;

英语中量词应用很广泛,很多名称都需要用量词来修饰。

eg:a bottle / glass of,a cup of,a piece of,a pair of

英语量词词组特点:特点A: 英语中量词分为四种类型:

大致可归纳为四种类型,即定量、不定量、大量和少量。

类型1:英语中用量词表示定量,如:

a couple of(两个、一对)

a couple of days

a couple of players

a cupful of(一满杯)

a cupful of jelly

a cupful of water

a portion of(一份/客)

a portion of duck,

a portion of roast beef.

类型2:英语中用量词表示不定量,如:

a majority of(大多数/大半)

a majority of opinions,a majority of votes;

an atom of(一点)

an atom of food,an atom of truth;

a spell of(一阵/一段时间)

a spell of fine weather,

a spell of coughing.

类型3:英语中用量词表示大量,如:

a flood of tears(泪如泉涌);

a heap of—a heap of earth(一堆泥土),

a heap of customers(许多顾客);

a mountain of difficulties(困难重重).

类型4:英语中用量词表示少量,如:

a drop of

a drop of fever(有点热度),

a particle of

a particle of feeling(一丝感情),

a particle of dust(一点灰尘);

a shadow of

a shadow of freedom(一点自由).

特点B: 英语中量词可以修饰可数名词、不可数名词,还有些则两者均可修饰。类型1.英语中量词修饰不可数名词,如:

a bit of—a bit of English(一点英语),

a bit of good advice(一些好意见),

a bit of interest(一点兴趣),

a shred of—a shred of evidence(一点证据),

a shred of cloth(少量布),

a shred of reputation(一点声誉),

a sheet of—a sheet of glass(一块玻璃),

a sheet of water(一片汪洋)。

类型2.英语中量词修饰可数名词,如:

a cluster of spectators(一群观众),

a scram of—a scram of mosquitoes(一群蚊子),

a cluster of bright stars(闪烁群星),

a string of—a string of pearls(一串珠子),

a string of curses(连续不断的咒骂),

a string of excuses(一连串借口),

a scram of geese(一群鹅),

a scram of children(一群孩子)

类型3.英语中量词修饰(不)可数名词,如:

a body of—a body of bees(一群蜜蜂),

a body of cold air(一股冷空气),

a body of facts(许多事实),

a block of—a block of ice(一大块冰),

a block of flats(一幢公寓),

a block of houses(一排房子),

a chain of—a chain of ideas(一系列想法),

特点C: 英语中有些量词组的搭配是固定的,有些搭配则比较灵活类型1.英语固定搭配的量词,如:

a barrel of crude oil(一桶原油),

a basket of—a basket of eggs(一篮鸡蛋),

a basket of apples(一篮苹果),

a line of—a line of trees(一行树),

类型2.英语灵活搭配的量词,如:

a piece of—a piece of paper(一张纸),

a piece of furniture(一件家具),

a piece of equipment(一台设备),

a round of—a round of spirit(一巡酒),

a round of diplomatic talks(一轮外交谈判),

a round of toast(一片烤面包)

中小学英语必考知识点:英语量的练习题:

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光学不练假把式,学习到的知识只有经过练习才能够完全掌握。

智学君为各位中小学生朋友准备了几道关于英语中量词的典型题目供大家练习。

1:May I have a ________ of water? [     ]

A. glass               

B. cup             

C. pair

2:I need a ______ shoes. [     ]

A. pair of   

B. pair  

C. two

3: I'll take three ________.

[     ]

A. orange                   

B. bottles of orange       

C. bottle of orange

D. bottles of oranges


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